- Automated process control system
Automated control systems at enterprises are created in the form of computer-integrated structures. From a technical point of view, this is a combination of several computers that make it possible to integrate several functions of an automated control system into one single whole. Computer-integrated control systems are a new step in optimizing production processes in the industry, which have replaced conventional integrated control systems.
The purpose of creating a process control system
ACS TP was created in order to control, manage all technological processes, modes that exist in a separate industrial enterprise. Also, its main task is to ensure the smooth operation of the plant without accidents and downtime.
Separate a standard process control system, which is represented by microprocessor structures, and a two-level process control system. The latter has a lower level of control, analysis and enterprise management, which is implemented with the help of industrial controllers. As for the upper level, it is represented by a set of automated workplaces of production dispatchers, which are subordinate to one central control panel. These two levels are directly related. Communication is carried out by transmitting information data through an existing network.
ACS TP performs the following functions:
— Provides automation of the main equipment at the enterprise, as well as its timely shutdown in case of danger as a result of an accident.
— Creates automation of auxiliary equipment at the enterprise.
— It makes it possible, if necessary, to change the parameters of the automatic operation mode of a business facility by a dispatcher using a remote control panel.
— Provides a reliable locking system in case of break-in.
— Informing the operator or dispatcher about the status of all technological operations of the enterprise by providing real-time information data.
— Information comes not only in the form of tables, but also various graphic images: graphs, trends.
The ability to regulate the parameters of the enterprise in automatic mode on the basis of the regulators, the program.
— Work archive data around the clock.
— A high degree of protection of enterprise information data from unauthorized hacks.
— Continuous diagnostics of production equipment, including self-diagnosis.
— Creation of optimization work of the entire enterprise as a whole.
— Development of an automated control system
— Popular types of automated control systems:
ACS TP designed for separate types of technological processes of the enterprise. It may be some workshop, department, etc.
Industrial control system as a whole enterprise.
Integrated automated control system. Usually it consists of several separate ACS, interconnected.
Integrated ACS is very often used in modern enterprises. However, some production processes are only verbally controlled with the help of it, but in reality they are represented by a combination of industrial control systems and automated control systems. Also, an automated enterprise design system (CAD) and a quality management system (ACMS) are sometimes added to them. In this case, the integrated management system refers to the totality of the functions that it performs.
Automation of production management processes
As soon as computers entered our lives and the functioning of enterprises, the integrated system changed to a computer-integrated system (KISU). In fact, this is a combination of several working computerized instances that control, analyze and manage the activities of an economic entity. Such a system is still structured. It always consists of industrial control systems and industrial control systems.
The first includes not only a local computer network, but also a separate process control system. Currently, often instead of the acronym ACUP, KSUBP is used, which means a corporate business process management system. It differs from the control system in its methods of solving the problem of business management. She does this in two ways. Firstly, it unites heterogeneous networks among themselves, and secondly, it creates a unified system for managing all business processes of the enterprise.